Types of NASA Satellites

    Agum Junianteo

    As a person in the field of data science, a lot of references are needed to obtain valid data. These data are useful for industrial, infrastructure, management, environmental, social, economic, and so on. The data presented can be analyzed with visualization to make it easier to understand. To get data obtained from NASA satellites such as temperature, forest area, rainfall, and other data we can access the NASA Earthdata page.

    To get data according to our needs, we need an understanding of the satellite along with the data taken. Here are some types of NASA satellites and the types of data taken.

    1. ACRIMSAT – obtaining data from the sun to obtain total energy and its relationship with global climate change.
    2. AQUA – obtains earth water cycle data, flux energy, aerosols, vegetation coverage area, marine biology, and poles
    3. AQUARIUS – knowing the interaction between ocean circulation, water cycle, and climate based on sea salinity.
    4. AURA – obtains data on the composition of the atmosphere, chemistry, and dynamics for the study of the ozone layer, air quality, and how the atmosphere changes.
    5. CALIPSO – understand the effects of aerosols and clouds on climate change.
    6. CLOUDSAT – obtain data on structure, composition, and cloud effects on the global base.
    7. DISCOVER-AQ – improves the interpretation of air quality.
    8. EO-1 – demonstrates satellite instruments and systems for Landsat.
    9. GOES – for monitoring and weather forecasting.
    10. GRACE – Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment – detects changes in mass (such as groundwater) based on gravity.
    11. JASON-1 – monitoring ocean circulation to improve climate prediction and improve understanding of disasters
    12. LANDSAT – measurement of continental earth used for forestry studies, food production, water and land use, ecosystems, geology, etc
    13. OPERATION ICE BRIDGE – obtain polar data and its effects on climate change.
    14. OSTM / JASON-2 – Ocean Surface Topography Mission at JASON 2 to obtain sea level elevation data for science, commercial and recreational applications.
    15. QUICKSAT – obtain wind speed and direction at sea level under any conditions and weather.
    16. SORCE – obtains X-ray data, ultraviolet, visible light, and total solar radiation related to climate change, natural variability, climate prediction, and atmospheric ozone, and UV-B radiation.
    17. SUOMI NPP – monitoring climate change and global biological productivity.
    18. TERRA – obtains measurement data on the global atmosphere, continents, and oceans, and increases understanding of carbon budget and earth energy.
    19. TRMM – Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission: monitoring and study of tropical rain.

    Data from the satellites can be obtained on the Earthdata Search page. These data can be bundled in an image Format or HDF (Hierarchical Daa Format) for the benefit of free science analysis requiring only a login

    Credit: Fadli – Types of NASA Satellites Introduction – Tuesday Talk

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